Bush: Tree of 2-4 years old, pruned to produce branching on a clear stem of 60-70cm.

Half Standard: Tree of 3-5 years old, pruned to produce branching on a clear stem of 90-120cm.

Root Stocks:
Apples: Bush – M26 / M106 Half Standard – M26 / MM106
M26 – Semi dwarfing. Reliable root stock for fruiting, good for bush or half standard.
M106 – Semi dwarfing. Good all round stock for small gardens.
MM106 – Semi vigorous. Outstanding root stock for bush or half standard.

Pears: Bush – Quince A Half Standard – Seedling Pear / Pyrus Communis
Quince A – semi-dwarfing. Suitable for small garden. Early fruiting.
Seedling Pear / Pyrus Communis – Vigorous rootstock for strong bush or half standard.

Plums: Bush – St Julien A Half Standard – Myrobalan
St Julien A – Good dwarfing rootstock for Bush plums, gages and damsons.
Myrobalan – Vigorous Rootstock for Half standard plums, gages and damsons.

Cherries: Bush – Colt Half Standard – Colt / Avium
Colt – Dwarfing rootstock suitable for cherries in small gardens.
Avium – Vigorous stock for larger trees.